Speech therapy is a therapy that is intended to correct a disorder of speech or you may simply say the treatment to help someone who is suffering from the problem of communicating verbally. The main focus is on expressive language, or the ability to express yourself in words, and on receptive language, ie the ability to understand words which are spoken to you.
Many health services may provide a speech and language therapy treatment for the correction of a speech injury which is transmitted from birth, or from disease, injury, or prior medical treatment, having communication difficulties. There are different types of communication which includes speech (or you may say articulation, intensity, voice, fluency, etc.), language (syntax, semantics, phonology, pragmatics, etc.), both receptive and expressive language (including reading and writing ), and non-verbal communication such as facial expressions, body postures and different types of gestures.
A person having speech defect such as lisping and stuttering may take therapeutic treatment. This therapy is being used to improve communication skills which may include teaching sign language or using a communication device. The main aim of speech therapy is to help those people who are having a speech or language disorder or problem to restore basic communication skills, including listening and writing skills, and their ability to think, swallow, and problem solution.
There are many types of disorders for which Speech Therapy is being used such as Receptive disorder refer to difficulties in understanding or processing language, Expressive disorder refers to difficulties in putting words together, limited vocabulary, etc. It also deals with the mechanisms of producing words, such as articulation, pitch, fluency and volume. In earlier ages, people who are suffering from traumatic accident needs speech therapy to improve their language.
Also it will work to find fun activities to improve the child's language such as to strengthen the tongue and lips, such as blowing on whistles (or you may say a kind of music therapy). This therapy helps people to maximize their communication potential and also it increases the standard of living by having well communication skills.